- © 2012
Online material: Data files for seismogenic source zones (polygons), smoothed-gridded seismicity models, and hazard curves at 0.2° regular grid spacing over the study region.
Earthquake disasters occur mainly due to the collapse of buildings and structures triggered by ground motions. It is, therefore, important to predict ground-shaking levels in order to determine appropriate building code provisions for earthquake-resistant design of structures. This involves extensive analyses and development of appropriate seismological models; namely, seismogenic sources, seismic site conditions, and ground motion predictions. The hazard products, viz. data and maps, constitute important tools for framing public policies toward land-use planning, building regulations, insurance, and emergency preparedness.
In India, several events during the last 100 years, as listed in Table 1, indicate that even moderate earthquakes (MW < 7.0) can cause significant devastation. On one hand, ongoing urbanization and unprecedented population growth have considerably aggravated the prevailing seismic risk. On the other hand, the available seismic hazard maps covering the entire country are about a decade old. Consequently an updated seismic hazard model for the country is imperative and necessitated by new data, recent findings, and methodological improvements. In the present study, we make a case for new probabilistic seismic hazard analysis (PSHA) of India. The fundamental studies have been carried out to deliver the hazard components, including seismogenic source zonation and seismicity modeling in the Indian subcontinent (Thingbaijam and Nath 2011), assessment of site conditions across the country (Nath, Thingbaijam, Adhikari et al. 2011), and a suitability test for the ground-motion prediction equations in the regional context (Nath and Thingbaijam 2011). These components are integrated to deliver a preliminary model consisting of spatial distributions of peak ground acceleration (PGA) and 5%-damped pseudo spectral acceleration (PSA).
Initial attempts at …